Cancer occurs when cells in an area of the body grow abnormally.
Ovarian cancer is the seventh most common cancer among women.
There are three types of ovarian cancer:
(1) epithelial ovarian cancer
(2) germ cell cancer and
(3) stromal cell cancer.
- Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most common and accounts for 85 percent to 89 percent of ovarian cancers. It forms on the surface of the ovary in the epithelial cells.
- On the other hand, germ cell cancer is an uncommon form of ovarian cancer, accounting for only about five percent of ovarian cancers.Germ cell cancers start in the cells that form the eggs in the ovaries. This cancer is usually found in adolescent girls and young women, and usually affects only one ovary. Please visit the Women’s Cancer Network
- Stromal cell cancer starts in the cells that produce female hormones and hold the ovarian tissues together. Familial breast-ovarian cancer syndrome is a common inherited condition that causes 10 percent of all ovarian cancers and 5–10 percent
of all breast cancers. Research confirms that there is a link between breast and ovarian cancer. Any woman who has had one of these cancers is at a higher risk for developing the other.